is a short term for the National Socialist German Workers Party, a
right-wing political party formed in 1919 primarily by unemployed German
veterans of World War 1.
Adolf Hitler became head of the party in 1921, and under his
leadership the party eventually became a powerful political force in
German elections by the early 1930's. The Nazi party ideology was
largely based on nationalism and racism. They promoted Germany as
superior to all other nations and promised to restore it to greatness,
while championing a scientific theory of racism, in which the Aryan
(German) people were racially superior to all others.
In 1933, Hitler assumed power in Germany and he ended German democracy
and severely restricted basic rights, such as freedom of speech, press,
and assembly. He established a brutal dictatorship through a reign of