avoided giving a clear written order to exterminate Jewish civilians and
he avoided speaking openly about killing in his entourage. On 29 April
1937 he told his Nazi leaders:
"Everything that can be discussed should never be put in
writing, never!" However, there is clear evidence that he
was deeply involved in the anti-Jewish policy before and during the war,
particularly when it reached a murderous stage.
Hitler was fully responsible for the order for the mass executions in
Poland in 1939 and 1940. He was also actively engaged in setting up
plans for a Jewish reservation in Poland and he backed the Madagascar
plan. He was continually preoccupied with further deportations and
In 1941 Hitler ordered the extermination of the "Jewish-Bolshevist
intelligentsia" and the elimination of every potential enemy in the
occupied Eastern territories. He was fully aware of mass executions of
Jewish civilians in these territories.